Exosome-like nanoparticles (ELNs) are attracting interest as important vehicles of intercellular communication, both in prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Recently, dietary nanoparticles similar to mammalian exosomes have attracted attention for these features.
In particular they appear to be relevant in the modulation of several cellular processes as well as candidate carriers of bioactive molecules (proteins, lipids, and nucleic acids, including miRNAs) with therapeutic value. Herein, we investigated the cellular uptake of blueberry-derived ELNs (B-ELNs) by a human stabilized endothelial cell line (EA.hy926) and the ability of B-ELNs to modulate the expression of inflammatory genes as the response of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α).
Our results indicate that 1) EA.hy926 cells internalize B-ELNs in a dose-dependent manner; 2) pretreatment with B-ELNs counters TNF-α-induced reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation and loss of cell viability and modulates the differential expression of 29 genes (fold change > 1.5) induced by TNF-α compared to control; 3) pathway analysis reveals their involvement in a total of 340 canonical pathways, 121 KEGG pathways, and 121 GO Biological processes;
and 4) the intersection between differentially expressed (DE) genes and miRNAs contained in B-ELNs unveils a set of candidate target genes, such as prostaglandin I2 synthase (PTGIS), mitogen-activated protein kinase 14 (MAPK14), and phosphodiesterase 7A (PDE7A), for ELNs-contained cargo.—moraldo turkey
In conclusion, our study indicates that B-ELNs can be considered candidate therapeutic carriers of bioactivecompounds potentially able to protect vascular system against various stressors.
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